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El “Proyecto sobre Internet y Vida Americana” del Pew Research Center ha publicado un estudio sobre  el impacto futuro de Internet en las instituciones. Lee Rainie de Pew y Janna Quitney Anderson, del proyecto “Imaginar el Internet” de la Elon University han pedido a 895 expertos que predijeran el progreso probable para el año 2020.

Un 72% aproximadamente estaban de acuerdo con esta afirmación: “Para 2020, modelos innovadores de cooperación online darán lugar a gobiernos, empresas, organizaciones sin fines de lucro y otras instituciones significativamente más efectivas y receptivas ”.

Un 26% estaban de acuerdo con el argumento contrario, que sostenía: “Para 2020, los gobiernos, empresas, organizaciones sin fines de lucro y otras instituciones conservarán principalmente modelos de conducta propios del siglo 20 en su relación con los ciudadanos y los consumidores online y offline".


By an overwhelming margin, technology experts and stakeholders participating in a survey fielded by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project and Elon University’s Imagining the Internet Center believe that innovative forms of online cooperation could result in more efficient and responsive for‐profit firms, non‐profit organizations, and government agencies by the year 2020.
A highly engaged set of respondents that included 895 technology stakeholders and critics participated in the online, opt‐in survey. In this canvassing of a diverse number of experts, 72% agreed with the statement:

  • “By 2020, innovative forms of online cooperation will result in significantly more efficient and responsive governments, business, non‐profits, and other mainstream institutions.”

Some 26% agreed with the opposite statement, which posited:

  • ”By 2020, governments, businesses, non‐profits and other mainstream institutions will primarily retain familiar 20th century models for conduct of relationships with citizens and consumers online and offline.”


While their overall assessment anticipates that humans’ use of the internet will prompt institutional change, many elaborated with written explanations that expressed significant concerns over organization’s resistance to change. They cited fears that bureaucracies of all stripes – especially government agencies – can resist outside encouragement to evolve. Some wrote that the level of change will affect different kinds of institutions at different times. The consensus among them was that businesses will transform themselves much more quickly than public and non‐profit agencies.

Many selected the “change” option, but said they were not sure drastic change will occur in organizations by the 2020 time frame. They said the most significant impact of the internet on institutions will occur after that. Some noted this change will cause tension and disruption.

The respondents who addressed the issue of “innovative forms of online cooperation” sometimes referred to activities between people and institutions that were post‐bureaucratic. They argued that people could use the internet and cell phones to create alternative, unbureaucratic structures to solve problems through network‐structured communities.

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